Friedrich Engels once wrote that he played “second fiddle” to Marx. On the 200th anniversary of his birth, we should remember the profound influence that Engels had on his friend and comrade, as well as his own theoretical contributions.
Marcello Musto is the author of The Last Years of Karl Marx: An Intellectual Biography (2020). Among his edited books are Workers Unite!: The International 150 Years Later (2014) and The Marx Revival (2020). His writings are available at www.marcellomusto.org
The International Working Men’s Association was launched in London on this day in 1864. As the “First International,” it cemented class solidarity across countries as a shared ideal and inspired large numbers to organize against capitalist exploitation.