José Carlos Mariátegui was Latin America's most original Marxist. And his work is strikingly relevant for confronting the continent's right-wing backlash today.
Michael Löwy is emeritus research director at the National Center for Scientific Research. His latest book is Ecosocialism: A Radical Alternative to Capitalist Catastrophe.
Walter Benjamin's Marxism owed much to his early engagement with anarchism and surrealism.